On this map, you are able to see the major physical features of the Arctic region, with western North America dominated by large mountain chains extending up from the Rocky Mountains, while the Eastern Canadian Arctic gives way to flatter rolling landscapes. The massive Greenland ice sheet occupies most of the its land area, with the coast marked by fjords and small islands. The Scandinavian mountain chain similarly dominates the Nordic area before giving way to the forests, plains, and tundra west of the Urals. The pathways of the many rivers that empty into the Arctic from northern Russia are also seen well on this map. In the oceans, major sub-sea features are found such as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that passes through Iceland. The Arctic Ocean itself shows the great depths surrounded by the Lomonosov and Gakkel ridges.
Topography and Bathymetry
This is a general map of the Arctic region, showing basic geography (topography and bathymetry). The map shows variations in altitude on land (white glaciated mountain areas and areas of darker brown having the highest elevation and darker green having the lowest) and depth in the sea (darkest blue having the lowest depth). Areas of sharp elevation changes are shown with contour shading.