Timo Koivurova and Pamela Lesser succinctly synthesise primary data gathered from interviews with local communities, indigenous peoples, NGOs, government officials and businesses in Finland, Sweden, Norway, Greenland, Iceland, Canada, Russia and the USA. Considering all stakeholder perspectives, they present the regulatory processes of all eight Arctic countries, and also provide helpful flowcharts that depict the process graphically for each country. Measuring these practices against the 1997 Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic, the only Arctic environmental impact assessment guidance document that has been officially approved by the ministers of all eight Arctic countries, this book identifies key areas where adherence to best practice is high, such as stakeholder outreach and development, as well as those areas that fall short.
Thorough and accessible, Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic will provide an excellent reference for academics in the fields of law and environmental studies as well as for government officials and stakeholders who stand to benefit from best practice.
Environmental Impact Assessment in the Arctic - A Guide to Best Practice
Timo Koivurova, Research Professor and Pamela Lesser, Researcher, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland, with Sonja Bickford, Lecturer, Industrial Technology, University of Nebraska Kearney, US, Paula Kankaanpää, Director, Marine Research Centre, Finnish Environment Institute, Finland and Marina Nenasheva, Lecturer, Northern Arctic Federal University named after M.V.Lomonosov, Russia